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Full text of "A history of Persia"

LXIV

STRUGGLE IN THE PERSIAN GULF  283
interests the mission, owing to the instructions of King
James, was far too deeply involved, matters here termin-
ated. The ambassador was practically ignored by the
great nbbles, no other audience was granted, and after
reaching Kazvin both Sir Dodmore Cotton and Sir Robert
Sherley died.
Thus ended in gloom the secondl embassy to Persia,
the ambassador being buried in " a Dormitory amongst
the Armenian graves; who also with, their priests and
people very civilly assisted the ceremony." Though a
partial failure, the mission undoubtedly increased English
interest in Persia. As an indication of this it is worth
noting that Charles L, a staunch patron of learning,
requested the East India Company to procure him some
Persian manuscripts.
The Fortunes of the British.óBy way of conclusion to
this chapter, a word may be said of British fortunes under
the later Safavi monarchs. Safi L stipulated for an
annual gift of £1500 and for the purchase annually of
j£6o,ooo worth of his silk* This was to be paid for in
goods to the extent of two-thirds, and in money to the
extent of one-third. Almost from the start the Persians
had failed to pay over to the British the stipulated share
of the customs receipts of Bandar Abbas. There were
constant complaints on this subject, and as the years
passed the Persians, who thought the English made a
very good thing out of the privileges they enjoyed,
declined to reconsider the question. The amalgamation
of the old and new East India Companies in 1708 put
an end to internal friction, and the position of the
factory remained strong and prosperous until the Afghan
invasion.
1 The first embassy to Arghun in 1291 is referred to in Chapter LVIL